By El Español.
Over the next 15 years, the UN wants to meet sustainable development goals like eradicating poverty and hunger, and achieve gender equality.
In 2030, the United Nations organization plans to meet a number of global objectives as part of its sustainable development agenda. Measures will be taken to eradicate poverty and hunger, achieve gender equality, reduce inequalities, and protect the planet.
These are the most important points of the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals for the next 15 years:
The UN defines poverty as a human rights problem that goes beyond lack of resources, as it is also reflected in hunger or the inability to access basic needs like education, health services, or suitable housing. Since 2000, the global poverty rate has been cut in half, but around 783 million people continue to live on less than two dollars a day. Eradicating extreme poverty and halving the number of people who “live poverty in all its dimensions” are the most immediate objectives of the first sustainable development goal.
To achieve this, the UN advocates inclusive economic growth in which social protection systems are applied, where all people have “the same rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services”.
Around 815 million people in the world today suffer from malnutrition. As a result 155 million children under the age of 5 suffer growth retardation. Therefore, the UN wants to ensure by 2030 universal access to healthy, nutritious, and adequate food through proper management in food and agriculture sectors.
Right now, our soils, oceans, forests, fresh water, and biodiversity are suffering from rapid degradation as a result of over use of resources. This, coupled with climate change, is a global problem that needs to be solved through sustainable food production. To achieve this, according to the organization, investments in agriculture are necessary to provide support to people in the field.
Health and Well-being
High rates of maternal and infant mortality, spread of infectious diseases, poor reproductive health… In this area, the objectives to be achieved for 2030 are: efficient financing of health systems, better sanitation, better access to medical services, and greater awareness of environmental contamination.
Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
The UN recognizes the need for strong technology-based economies and industry sustainability in aspects like energy production and efficiency. A good example is Santander Bank, which has recently been recognized as Europe’s first bank and third in the world by the Dow Jones Sustainability Index, an international study that measures the sustainability of companies in three dimensions: economic, environmental, and social.
Santander, which had been part of this index for 18 years, has achieved the highest score in its energy efficiency assessment, demonstrating the entity’s path in the commitment to the sustainable development goals.
It is estimated that 61 million young people in the world lack a basic level of literacy, even though enrollment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91%. The objective of the United Nations is to establish “free, equitable, and quality” primary and secondary education throughout the world. It is also important to ensure the same conditions of access for men, women, and persons in vulnerable situations to higher vocational education, with the ultimate goal of providing suitable jobs.
Although there has been great progress in gender equality in recent years there is still a significant gap that causes discrimination and violence against women around the world, especially in developing countries where women have great difficulties in creating a fulfilling life. The main goal is to put an end to any form of discrimination against women, especially those in vulnerable situations.
Achieving this will depend on countries commitment to eradicating sexual exploitation, genital mutilation, child marriage, and domestic violence. To promote gender equality, the UN is committed to empowering women while granting equal opportunities in political, economic, and public life.
Suitable Work and Economic Growth
According to the UN, although the global unemployment rate has fallen to 5.7%, half of the world’s population still lives on less than two dollars a day, proof that having a job does not guarantee an escape from poverty. The creation of quality jobs is still a major issue in almost all economies.
Thus, by 2030, policies aimed at “entrepreneurship, creativity, innovation and promoting the growth of micro, small, and medium sized enterprises” should be promoted. On the other hand, it is imperative to end forced labour and to eradicate contemporary forms of slavery in all its forms, such as child labour, or human trafficking.
Sustainable Cities and Communities
It is estimated that in the coming decades the world’s population living in cities will increase to 5 billion. “Unprecedented urban growth” requires city planning and management so that these spaces are “inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable.” To achieve this, the UN has proposed to ensure access for all people to basic housing and services, to provide safe and sustainable transportation systems, to protect cultural heritage, to reduce the number of deaths caused by natural disasters, minimize negative environmental impact, and support developing countries by building sustainable spaces.
Combating climate change is one of the greatest concerns of the UN, which has dedicated several of its sustainable development goals to ending it. In addition to climate action, there are the goals of providing affordable and non-polluting forms of energy, while protecting marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
The first goal is to achieve international collaboration that will lead all countries to adopting climate change policies, including education, and raising awareness to the issue. It is also intended to strengthen countries’ capacity to adapt to natural disasters caused by climate change, which least developed countries are the most vulnerable to.
Peace, Justice, and Solid Institutions
The main goals of this objective are to significantly reduce all forms of violence, including abuse, exploitation and trafficking, especially towards children. It seeks to achieve this by ensuring equal access and justice for all while building dependable and responsible institutions.
From now until 2030, we also seek to reduce corruption, the illegal movement of money and weapons, and to fight organized crime. Finally, the capacity for governments to prevent violence through international cooperation and participation of developing countries in world institutions is to be encouraged.
Meeting all the objectives of sustainable development will only be possible through the willingness of governments, private enterprises, and individuals.